How to calculate the cost of making clothes and prices (2023)

Working in a fashion company has several benefits including creativity, glamor and excitement. However, budgeting is another factor that is just as important to consider. Many different people are involved in the creation of a garment and different interests are at stake.

Although you want a quality end product at a reasonable price, you also need to make a profit to maintain the brand and fund the upcoming season. It's complicated, that's why it sounds like it. But no worry; We'll cover you. This is the definitive guide to prices and costs forStarting a clothing line.

Clothing costing and pricing techniques

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The three cost accounting techniques used to identify, measure, and allocate costs are listed below.

Direct costing

This is the most basic costing method in manufacturing, also known as variable costing, used in the apparel industry. How to find the total manufacturing cost, the product cost, or the cost of goods is calculated using this costing technique by adding the total variable costs of labor and materials.

In addition, all fixed manufacturing, marketing, product development, general and administrative costs are allocated through gross margin as either a fixed cost per garment or a target gross margin %.Find clothing manufacturersAnyone who makes simple clothing with small variations in labor, product development, and marketing costs, such as B. simple jeans, T-shirts, classic suits, etc., is very successful with this type of cost strategy.

integration costs

In addition to allocating variable manufacturing costs to each unit of production, absorption costing also allocates fixed manufacturing overheads. It is also known as the total cost method. As the name suggests, allclothing samplingCosts of production - both constant and variable - go into the cost of goods used to determine cost values.

This costing method is unique in that it takes into account how variable and fixed manufacturing overheads affect each style produced on top of each other. This has the benefit of spreading the manufacturing overhead more fairly across the many styles, so low direct-wage products don't have to bear the overhead of high direct-wage products.

(Video) How to Price Your Fashion Designs

Cost based on activity

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It is considered the most accurate and sophisticatedcost system. It works on the principle that each cost-incurring activity is categorized and independently evaluated. Based on how the sorting activities are used by the clothes, the activities are assigned to the clothes. This includes things like material management, engineering, operator training, production planning, quality control, advertising and market research.

The challenge with this technique is to develop a standard costing system that can track costs and allocate them to specific items. In order to get correct cost data, it is also important to relate the difference between the activity cost and the actual use of that cost by a specific garment or category.

Activity-based costing thus focuses on the activity as the basis for cost allocation. Department heads must now make the most of this effort to leverage product categories or styles directly to justify their spend.

The factors of clothing cost

Clothing Cost Factors: In order to continue with the other characteristics, the product calculation must also be carried out by the production clerk. The calculation is made taking into account the fashion price of the various raw materials, the company's operating costs, the level of competition and the expected financial success of the company. The cost expectations of buyers must also be taken into account.

The following factors determine the price of a garment:

  1. Fabric Embellishment Fees: Cutting, Tailoring and Trimming
  2. Value-added services include printing, embroidery, washing and appliqué.
  3. appraisal of clothes
  4. Quality
  5. Costs for logistics and transport
  6. Profit for the manufacturing company.

All of these apparel and CMT cost components are based on specific factors that have a significant impact on the cost parameters above. These variables are very dynamic and constantly changing, so they are crucial when calculating the clothing cost production fabric calculator.

Unit of measure, minimum order quantity and Incoterms agreed by the raw material supplier andclothing manufacturer, order quantity, etc. are the main factors that determine the garment cost.

What is a cost sheet in the apparel industry?

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The total cost of a product or process can be calculated using a spreadsheet, which is a statement or format in which all costs are systematically recorded. The worksheet or spreadsheet is another name for it. The relevance of the ready-made bow in the manufacture of ready-made clothing is too high.

(Video) How To Price Your Handmade Clothing

How to create a cost sheet in the clothing industry?

The perfect cost sheet should be straightforward, yet comprehensive enough to provide all the necessary details about the garment you are creating. With the help of clothing technology, you can create a neat, well-organized expense report that tracks all expenses and serves as both a record and reference tool.

Many companies still use Excel for their calculation processes, such as B. Embroidery Pricing Tables. They are unclear, difficult to read and prone to miscalculations.

Main elements of clothing spreadsheets

A calculation or cost sheet consists of four main parts. These are the following:

Acquisition costs, labor-related factory costs, office costs and total costs.

Below you will find explanations for all of the above points:

  1. Prime price

Direct materials, direct labor and direct expenses make up the prime cost. Base cost, flat rate cost, and initial cost are other names for it.

The cost of goods sold is equal to the sum of the direct costs (D.M., DB. and direct expenses) (D.E)

  1. manufacturing or labor costs

Prime cost and labor or factory overhead make up the factory cost or labor cost. It is sometimes referred to as the cost of preparing the clothing manufacturing cost estimate.

Prime cost plus factory overhead equals factory cost.


  1. office expenses

Office expenses include a manufacturing or labor cost and office and administrative overheads. The terms "office expenses" and "clothing manufacture" are interchangeable.

Office costs equal factory costs or labor costs plus administration and office overheads.

  1. total expenses

The total cost is calculated by adding the cost of selling and distribution and the definition of the cost of production of the goods sold, which are clothing. It is also known as "cost of sales".

Total cost equals selling and distribution overheads plus office expenses.

This is often particularly cumbersome when revising product prices during development. As you know, things are always changing, so it would be very tedious and very error-prone to reintroduce everything manually.

How much does it cost to make garments?

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CM cost, which stands for "manufacturing cost", usually refers to the cost of each garment's sewing line. But you can also find out how much it costs to make clothes?

An essential part of apparel merchandising is calculating the cost of manufacture (CM) for each individual garment. The correct method of calculating the cost of fabric should be known to every clothing retailer. Otherwise, a factory can suffer a significant loss. Today I'm providing an easy way to determine the Cost of Manufacturing (CM) for any garment based on its importance in the apparel retail industry.

How much it costs to make a sweatshirt:The most technically time-consuming type of clothing is aStart a clothing businessSweatshirt. Being fully lined, it often requires a special type of padding to hold its shape. For example, if you want a customized, more textured look, consider using a woven fusible hair canvas. A woven, non-fusible, mid-weight pad may be the best option if you're striving for a softer look.

(Video) The True Cost: Who Pays the Real Price for YOUR Clothes | Investigative Documentary

How should the manufacturing cost (CM) of clothing be calculated?

A clothing retailer should ensure the following before determining the cost of manufacture (CM) for garments:

  • The total monthly cost of running the facility includes rent, utilities, commercial expenses, transportation, wages for workers and staff, etc.
  • A comprehensive census of the factory's machines.
  • The total number of machines required to complete a task.
  • Planned output per hour using current setup (without modifying and rejecting).
  • The monthly total of working days.
  • Total daily working time.
  • The cost of producing actual clothing items can now be easily calculated by a clothing retailer using the formula below.

Production cost (CM) per piece,

Total Monthly Factory Spend * Total number of machines required to complete an item
Total machine * total labor day/cost of clothing per month * total labor hours/day * target production/hour

What Is The Profit Margin In Garment Manufacturing?

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A fashion-forward entrepreneur has little to fear from taking the big leap into owning and operating a clothing retail business if she has a genuine interest in clothing, sufficient initial capital, and a keen business acumen. Apparel retail companies, like all businesses, are focused on making money. One of the most important financial calculations required to determine how much profit a company is making is profit margin.

Pricing tactics can be a crucial strategy to increase sales when multiple apparel companies compete for the same consumer dollars—as long as profit margins are high enough to demonstrate profitability.

Profit margins:

The amount the company retains after deducting the costs reported as a percentage of total sales is the clothing profit margin. Revenue minus Costs = Profit, and Profit divided by Revenue equals Profit Margin, according to a simple equation. For example, if you buy a shirt for $70 and sell it for $100, your profit is $30 ($100 - $70). $30 divided by $100 or 30% is the profit margin.

Markup vs. Margin

Markups and profit margins are often misunderstood. They are similar in that they represent an amount of money greater than the cost of the product, but the apparel manufacturer's profit margin is based on sales, while the markup is based on price. If a pair of pants costs $20 and is priced at $40, the difference, or 20%, is a 100% markup. The profit margin is 50% if you sell these pants at this price.

Costs: Fixed and variable

The cost of producing an item ultimately determines the profit margin. No matter how many goods you produce, fixed costs such as rent, utilities and some employed employees remain constant. Costs that depend on how many goods you produce, like materials and consumables, are called variable costs. Cutvariable costs, which affect sales at all levels, is often recommended to increase profit margins without increasing the selling price.

Garment industry profit margins

Industry researchers claim that retail apparel profit margins typically range from 4 to 13 percent. When compared to manufacturing cost, another name for variable costs, markups can seem high. When these expenses are taken into account, the apparel company's profit is much less, and apparel retailers must sell a large number of items to continue their business.

(Video) Garment Costing: How to know you've got a fair price (fashion startup guide)

frequently asked Questions

What are the basic cost accounting techniques?

The most important calculation methods available are activity-based costing, unit costing, direct costing and throughput costing. Each of these approaches can be used in different production and decision-making situations.

What is the ABC calculation method?

ABC is a technique for allocating overhead and indirect costs such as salaries and utilities to goods and services. The ABC system of cost accounting is based on activities that are defined as an occasion, project or task with a clear goal.

last words

A key way to reduce costs, eliminate waste and maximize the use of raw materials and resources is through the pricing of garments or apparel. Developing a greater sense of style for customers and making clothing manufacturing costs more transparent can be achieved by using the right kind of clothing costing.


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