Introduction to research work - meaning, elements, importance and techniques (2023)


Introduction to research work - meaning, elements, importance and techniques (1)

The introduction is the first thing people will see when they open your newspaper, so make it count. The way you introduce yourself and your work can reveal a lot about who you are - are you confident or insecure? Do we know what to expect from this research after reading these opening lines?

The introduction is your opportunity to engage readers by explaining how this document will provide them with new information and insights. You want the reader's attention so they can better understand why it's important that you research these topics, and not just because you find the research enjoyable or challenging.

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What is the introduction of research papers?

The introduction to the research paper is the first paragraph that provides a detailed background of the topic, it could also be called the formal presentation of the topic or topic.

The introduction is often the most important chapter of your work because it sets out what you want to achieve and how. The introduction should give a broad overview of the topic and how it relates broadly to other topics in its field. It's also an opportunity for you to state why this research is important by providing both background information and hypotheses or questions that your study answers (or at least addresses).
It should provide an overview of the approach you will be taking with your methodology before providing some brief details on how this study can lead to results that can add value to society.

Goals when writing an introduction to a research paper

  • The main goal of the introductory part of a research paper is to familiarize the reader with the content and purpose of writing a research paper. As a research paper, the introduction is the first section of a research paper that has a major impact on the reader's mind. Therefore, you should revise and proofread the introduction after writing it.
  • One of the main goals of the introduction is to describe the problem to be addressed. In this section, the researcher could discuss the nature of the research, the purpose of the research, the importance of the research problem, and the research question(s) to be addressed.
  • Another goal of the introductory section in the research paper is to grab the reader's attention. It is the paragraph in a research paper that introduces the reader to the subject by giving an overview of the subject, the length of an introduction depends entirely on thatTypes of Research Papersis written.

For example, Globalization is a phenomenon that has brought drastic changes in the industry. It changed the way marketing was done by companies.

Elements of the introduction to the research work

Different elements of the introduction to the research work are:

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1. Theme set

It gives the reader a basic idea of ​​the research work. You must use meaningful words for yourstopic in a research paper, as this will help you grab the reader's attention. Subject sentences should relate to the information contained in the paragraph.

2. Statement of thesis

It is the most important part of the introductory section of the research paper.This section in the research paper provides the reader with a basic overview of the topic. The thesis that you have design should be coherent and clear. Reexamining and refining the thesis statement is considered one of the best strategies to ensure clarity. When writing the thesis statement as part of the introduction, you need to make sure it's narrow, specific, and focused.

3. Supporting Sentences

In the body of the research paper, you must provide at least five arguments. You should include the only relevant argument in the research paper. Supporting phrases could include a reason for choosing a particular topic for investigation and the importance of the research. It may also contain other important information about the research, such as:research questions, intentions and goals, etc.

4. Closing sentences

It mainly contains reformulations of the main idea of ​​the research.To write a concluding sentence, you must rewrite the topic sentence. But in this section, the subject sentence should be in other words. Even when writing coherent sentences, you need to emphasize the core idea of ​​the research. But you must provide additional information along with the key idea. You should use both expressive and impressive words while writing coherent sentences.

Continue reading:How to write an outline for a mini research paper

Importance of the introduction in the research work

The introduction is of great importance in the research work. The introduction to the research work is very important as it helps the researcher to formulate his goal.

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  • The introductory section of the research paper consists of theResearch Paper Hookwhich makes it easier for the researcher to attract the reader's attention.
  • This will avoid any kind of confusion and misunderstandings.
  • An introductory section allows us to highlight the problem.
  • By providing an effective introduction, you can make the reader feel connected.
  • The introductory section in a research paper is important as it allows the goal of conducting research on a given topic to be clearly stated.
  • It helps you to demonstrate the importance of the research topics or problems addressed in the research paper.
  • It allows you to explain how research on a given topic has filled the gap in the literature.
  • An effective introduction to the research paper will help you make a good impression on the reader.

See also:How to write a literature review in a research paper

Techniques for writing an introduction to research papers

  • You should write this introduction at the end after completing all other parts. Since after completing other parts of the research paper you will develop little idea of ​​the content that you need to add in the introduction to match it with the other sections of the research paper
  • When writing the introductory section in the research paper, the main thing you need to focus on is the tone you are using.
  • When writing an introduction, you need to highlight the main problem that prompts you to conduct research on a given topic.
  • You should give the reader a clue as to the questions you want answered.

The process of writing an introduction in a research paper

  • Definition of the research topic: It is an initial phase where you need to provide background information or an overview of your research topic. The opening sentences of a research paper should represent the question on which a complete research project is based.
  • Consideration in relation to keywords: The keywords are the words that represent the different aspects of the investigation. For example if you areWriting a research paperon the impact of globalization on the business function, then you must provide a definition or explanation of globalization in the introductory section.
  • Definition of key terms in a research paper:It is important that you define the complex term you will be using in a research paper. As it is the strategy that will help you ensure clarity throughout the research work. By providing definitions of complex terms, you can ensure that the reader understands what you are trying to convey. Defining the key terms is very important, especially if you are describing new concepts in your research paper.
  • Introduction to the topic with a quote:They should include the citation that should relate to the topic. Using the citation in the introductory section will help you grab the reader's attention. When you write an offer, you need to make sure it's short and simple.

Worth seeing:A guide to starting the research process

Example of an introduction to a research paper

Below are some examples to help you understand the introduction to research work:

1. Introduction to research work on environmental issues

Rapid growth of industrial plants and massive increase of vehicles on the roads are becoming devastating causes of environmental problems nowadays. It is very difficult to survive in urban and suburban areas where the air is so polluted that it can cause various diseases in the human body. Pollution caused solely by the emission of pollutants into the air cannot be taken into account. But at the same time there are so many other types of pollution. We cannot afford to ignore soil pollution, noise pollution and water pollution, which are equally responsible for the poor quality of life on earth as pollution rates increase.

2. Harmful consequences of environmental pollution

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Even more harmful consequences of pollution can be seen in the form of smog, which is harmful to the eyes and respiratory system of the human body. Soil pollution indirectly causes various harms to the human body. Such is the case with people drinking contaminated water. It is the need of the hour to focus on this area of ​​life as well, because if we ignore things for a long period of time, things can prove dangerous in a number of ways. Here in this essay we will talk about the different methods and mediums through which the environmental problems can be checked by the society of people in community.

3. Measures have been taken to reduce pollution

New policies like adopting green chemistry and planting trees are being adopted by people to prevent pollution. Dealing with the various issues of environmental pollution will be the focus of the essay. By finding relevant solutions to any problem by conducting authentic research using the survey technique. In addition to the types of pollution mentioned here, you can also add noise pollution and its solutions to the list.

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What are the elements of introduction in research? ›

What should you include in an introduction for a research paper?
  • An overview of the topic. Start with a general overview of your topic. ...
  • Prior research. Your introduction is the place to review other conclusions on your topic. ...
  • A rationale for your paper. ...
  • Describe the methodology you used. ...
  • A thesis statement. ...
  • An outline.
Aug 10, 2021

What is the important element in the research work? ›

An understanding of the basic elements of research is essential for good research practices. Among the most important elements to be considered are variables, associations, sampling, random selection, random assignment, and blinding.

What is the importance of introduction in research? ›

Your introduction conveys a lot of information to your readers. You can let them know what your topic is, why it is important, and how you plan to proceed with your discussion. In most academic disciplines, your introduction should contain a thesis that will assert your main argument.

What are the 3 most important parts of an introduction? ›

Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:
  • An opening hook to catch the reader's attention.
  • Relevant background information that the reader needs to know.
  • A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.
Feb 4, 2019

What are the 5 elements of introduction? ›

The introduction must do five things: (1) it provides background to the situation; (2) it identifies the problem; (3) it argues that the problem needs to be solved; (4) it summarizes the solution; (5) it establishes the writer's credibility.

What are the 3 parts of an introduction in research paper? ›

There are three parts to an introduction: the opening statement, the supporting sentences, and the introductory topic sentence.

What are the 6 parts of introduction in research? ›

The introduction to a research paper simply introduces the topic being researched. The introduction contains a topic sentence, a thesis statement, then three to five reasons, details and/or facts supporting your research followed by a conclusion. It should be relatively brief, concise and clear.

What are the 4 elements of an introduction? ›

  • Introduce yourself.
  • Introduce the organisation – museum/company.
  • Learn about & connect the participants.
  • Introduce the programme & its goal.
Mar 16, 2022

What are the three important elements in research? ›

It should include at least three elements: voluntariness, information and comprehension.

What is the most important element that defines the research? ›

The title is the part of a paper that is read the most, and it is usually read first. It is, therefore, the most important element that defines the research study.

What are the most important elements of a research question? ›

All research questions should be:
  • Focused on a single problem or issue.
  • Researchable using primary and/or secondary sources.
  • Feasible to answer within the timeframe and practical constraints.
  • Specific enough to answer thoroughly.
  • Complex enough to develop the answer over the space of a paper or thesis.
Oct 26, 2022

What is the most important thing in an introduction answer? ›

The most important thing to include when writing an introduction is your thesis. A thesis statement is the main point of your paper; it is narrow, focused, and specific and very clearly explains your paper's topic.

What are the most important part of introduction? ›

The thesis statement is the most important part of the introduction. It gives the reader clear information about the content of the essay, which will help them to understand the essay more easily. The thesis states the specific topic, and often lists the main (controlling) ideas that will be discussed in the main body.

What is introduction in research example? ›

The introduction to a research paper is where you set up your topic and approach for the reader. It has several key goals: Present your topic and get the reader interested. Provide background or summarize existing research.

What are 4 basic functions of an effective introduction? ›

The introduction gives the audience a reason to listen to the remainder of the speech. A good introduction needs to get the audience's attention, state the topic, make the topic relatable, establish credibility, and preview the main points.

How do I start my introduction? ›

Here are the steps you can take to help you write an introduction:
  1. Consider your purpose. ...
  2. Attract the reader's attention. ...
  3. Describe your topic. ...
  4. Add a thesis. ...
  5. Revisit your introduction after writing your post. ...
  6. Take time to understand your audience. ...
  7. Be specific and clear. ...
  8. Keep it short.
Aug 9, 2021

What are the 2 most important parts of an introduction? ›

An introductory paragraph is usually the first paragraph of an essay. The two parts of an introductory paragraph are as follows: Hook. Thesis Statement.

Does a introduction have 5 sentences? ›

Most introductions should be about three to five sentences long. And you should aim for a word count between 50-80 words. You don't need to say everything in that first paragraph.

What makes a good introduction? ›

What should an introduction do? interest and attention, creating incentive for them to continue reading. Provide essential background information about the essay's main topic. writing, expresses the essay's main idea/argument, and provides a direction or outline for the body of the paper.

What are the 3 different ways to write an introduction? ›

5 Ways to Write an Introduction [Summary]
  • Start with a quotation.
  • Open with a relevant stat or fun fact.
  • Start with a fascinating story.
  • Ask your readers an intriguing question.
  • Set the scene.
Sep 8, 2017

What are the 7 basic parts of research? ›

A complete research paper in APA style that is reporting on experimental research will typically contain a Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and References sections.

What are the 5 components of a research? ›

research components, introduction, literature review, method, results, discussion, conclusion.

What are the five major parts of a research? ›

There are five MAJOR parts of a Research Report:
  • Introduction.
  • Review of Literature.
  • Methods.
  • Results.
  • Discussion.

What are the 5 purposes of research? ›

Research purposes
  • Information gathering and/or. Exploratory: e.g., discovering, uncovering, exploring. Descriptive: e.g., gathering info, describing, summarizing.
  • Theory testing. Explanatory: e.g., testing and understanding causal relations. Predictive: e.g., predicting what might happen in various scenarios.
Aug 17, 2021

What are the techniques of defining a research problem? ›

Technique involved in defining a research problem

Technical terms should be clearly defined. Basic assumptions should be stated. The criteria for the selection should be provided. Suitability of the time period and sources of data available must be considered.

What are the three 3 main purposes of research? ›

Three of the most influential and common purposes of research are exploration, description and explanation. Exploration involves familiarizing a researcher with a topic. Exploration satisfies the researcher's curiosity and desire for improved understanding.

What is the most important step in research process? ›

Without doubt, defining the problem is the most important step in the research process. Defining the problem sets the foundation for the entire project, so it is critically important to take the time to do this well.

What is the most important part of effective research? ›

Good research uses relevant, empirical data and proper data analysis methods. One of the most important qualities of a good research study is that it deals with empirical data.

What is the purpose of research? ›

Research is a process of seeking out answers to a specific problem. It can be conducted for several purposes, such as to understand a phenomenon, behavior, or test a theory. Research is conducted systematically, and it adds to a body of knowledge and supports many theories.

What are the 3 things that one should remember in making the research questions? ›

The research question states the specific issue or problem that your assignment will focus on.
In general, however, a good research question should be:
  • Clear and focused. ...
  • Not too broad and not too narrow. ...
  • Not too easy to answer. ...
  • Not too difficult to answer. ...
  • Researchable.

What is the most important sentence in the introduction? ›

The most important sentence in your introduction is your thesis. (Typically, it is the last sentence of your introduction and should only be a sentence). II. Your thesis should be specific enough that it has stated your argument AND given examples (usually 3) of points you will argue in your body paragraphs.

What questions should be answer in the introduction? ›

The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions for the reader:
  • What is this?
  • Why should I read it?
  • What do you want me to think about / consider doing / react to?
Jan 20, 2023

What does a good introduction paragraph look like? ›

The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that piques the interest of your readers. In a typical essay, that first sentence leads into two or three more sentences that provide details about your subject or your process. All of these sentences build up to your thesis statement.

How do you start an introduction paragraph example? ›

Posing a question, defining the key term, giving a brief anecdote, using a playful joke or emotional appeal, or pulling out an interesting fact are just a few approaches you can take. Use imagery, details, and sensory information to connect with the reader if you can.

What is the main purpose of an introduction paragraph? ›

An introduction is the first paragraph of your paper. The goal of your introduction is to let your reader know the topic of the paper and what points will be made about the topic. The thesis statement that is included in the introduction tells your reader the specific purpose or main argument of your paper.

What are good introduction sentences examples? ›

Think about it this way: a good opening sentence is the thing you don't think you can say, but you still want to say. Like, “This book will change your life.” Or, “I've come up with the most brilliant way anyone's ever found for handling this problem.”

What 4 main things should go in the introduction? ›

Set out the main idea of the essay. Outline how the essay title will be interpreted. Define important terms e.g. 'This essay will use Professor Bloggs's definition of X which states that…' Explain the methodology to be used in the essay and why it's being used.

What are the key elements of new introduction? ›

An introduction should include three things: a hook to interest the reader, some background on the topic so the reader can understand it, and a thesis statement that clearly and quickly summarizes your main point.

What are the two most important part of an introduction? ›

The introduction to an essay should have the following two parts: general statements (to introduce the topic and give the background); a thesis statement (to show the structure).

What is the most important part of an introduction? ›

The most important thing to include when writing an introduction is your thesis. A thesis statement is the main point of your paper; it is narrow, focused, and specific and very clearly explains your paper's topic. Essentially, a thesis functions as a brief summary of your essay.

How do you write an introduction example? ›

How to Write a Good Introduction
  1. Keep your first sentence short.
  2. Don't repeat the title.
  3. Keep the introduction brief.
  4. Use the word “you” at least once.
  5. Dedicate 1-2 sentences to articulating what the article covers.
  6. Dedicate 1-2 sentences to explaining why the article is important.
Jul 30, 2019

What are the questions to be answered in writing the introduction? ›

The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions for the reader:
  • What is this?
  • Why should I read it?
  • What do you want me to think about / consider doing / react to?
Feb 16, 2023

How do you start an introduction for a research paper? ›

  1. Step 1: Introduce your topic. The first job of the introduction is to tell the reader what your topic is and why it's interesting or important. ...
  2. Step 2: Describe the background. ...
  3. Step 3: Establish your research problem. ...
  4. Step 4: Specify your objective(s) ...
  5. Step 5: Map out your paper.
Sep 24, 2022


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